Generalized times based upon a number of averages under ideal conditions. Times and distances on this table were calculated from travellers' reports in numerous secondary sources.
The principal vehicles for water transportation included the following:
- Bateau A flat-bottom boat 9.1m (30') long, used for river transport. The bateau was equipped with a mast and a square sail, but mainly propelled by a four or five man crew poling with iron-shod poles against the riverbed
- Durham boat Larger than the bateau, 12.2 (40') to 13.7m (42') long, with a beam of 4.5m (15'), a rounded bow, steered by a rudder, and propelled by a square sail or by poling
- Schooner A two- or three-masted fore- and aft-rigged sailing vessel ranging from 12 to 500 tons displacement, used on the Great Lakes, the St Lawrence River, and the Gulf of St Lawrence
- Voyageur canoe A cargo canoe about 6m (35') long, paddled by seven to nine men, and with a carrying capacity of 20 to 25 tons