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One of the exciting aspects of the Historical Atlas of Canada Online
Learning Project is as a resource for students and teachers to enhance
the teaching and learning of Canadian Social Studies, Geography, and History. The Online Learning Project
will allow teachers and their students to critically discover the patterns
and relationships within the Canadian landscape and the issues inherent in the
evolution of Canada as a nation and as a society.
The Historical Atlas of Canada Online Learning Project (HACOLP) as an Interactive Mapping Site (Internet Map server)
The HACOLP is an interactive map serving site. The benefit of this as a teaching tool is that it allows the teacher and student to add and subtract spatial layers of information to see different views of a subject. In many cases this may help to grasp the complexities of Canadian landscape and society. For more background on the Online Learning Project see About this project.
Along with the interactive maps, each chapter has a number of other components and resources that will be of utility to both students and teachers. For more information and trouble-shooting, the Help popup pages are always accessible.
Map ToursThese are guided explorations of selected Chapters in the Atlas, giving users some examples of how to navigate through the interactive maps and other information, and demonstrating some of the interesting pathways these tools may be used to discover. They can be accessed through the Maptours page or individual Chapter pages.
NotesEach "Chapter" in the Online Learning Project is modelled after a thematic "plate" from the original printed Atlases. The original text and some supplementary text can be accessed through the individual Chapter page or from the Related Materials dropdown along the top of each map page.
Overview: A textual introduction of each HACOLP chapter, setting the context and highlighting individual maps or other components.
Authors and Sources: A description of the Authors and Sources that were used to research the original Historical Atlas of Canada maps and other components. These are edited to highlight information available in the Online Learning Project.
Text from the Atlas: The text from the original printed Atlas.
Essay from Concise Atlas: The Concise Historical Atlas of Canada is a volume of 67 of the best and most important plates selected from the original three volumes. Revised essays were written to accompany this new volume. These essays are reproduced here, edited to highlight information available in the Online Learning Project.
Related resources on this site: Links to related chapters within the Online Learning Project
Role of Historical comprehension and Critical Thinking
Social Science Critical thinking
Critical thinking is best understood as the ability of thinkers to take charge of their own thinking. This requires that they develop sound criteria and standards for analyzing and assessing their own thinking and routinely use those criteria and standards to improve its quality.
CCGE Canadian Geography Standards
The Canadian Council for Geographic Education (CCGE) has published Canadian National Standards for Geography: A Standards-Based Guide to K-12 Geography in 2001.
This Standards-Based Guide contains broad learning objectives and sample learning activities that are based upon six essential elements of geography: (1) the world in spatial terms (location); (2) places and regions; (3) physical systems; (4) human systems; (5) environment and society; and (6) the uses of geography.
1 The World in Spatial Terms. Geography studies the spatial relationships among people, places and environments. Maps reveal the complex spatial interactions that touch the lives of all citizens
2 Places and Regions. The identities and lives of individuals and peoples are rooted in particular places and regions, each of which has distinctive human and physical characteristics.
3 Physical Systems. Physical processes shape Earth's surface and interact with plant and animal life to create, sustain and modify the cultural and natural environment. Physical systems include such things as wind and ocean currents, plate tectonics, erosion, deposition and the water.
4 Human Systems. Earth's surface is shaped by human activities. The spatial organization of society is a mosaic of population movements, settlement patterns, economic activity, transportation, communication and political organizations.
5 Environment and Society. The physical environment has been modified by human activities. In a traditional sense, early settlers cleared the land to plant crops and graze livestock. Today, air and water pollution and the management of solid waste and hazardous materials are a serious problem. The physical environment affects human activity as well. Soil types and water availability help to determine which crops will prosper. More dramatically, natural hazards (e.g., earthquakes, hurricanes and floods) have resulted in substantial loss of life and property.
6 The Uses of Geography. Understanding geography content and how to use the tools and technology available for geographic study prepares citizens for life in our modern society. Individuals, businesses and government entities use geography and maps of all kinds on a daily basis. Geography students have a wide choice of interesting and rewarding career opportunities.
BC Ministry of Education: Curriculum Guidelines
Social Studies Social Studies Integrated Resource Packages
Other Canadian resources for history and geography
The Atlas of Canada: The Atlas of Canada OnlineThe Atlas of Canada has been in existence for nearly 100 years with the First Edition published in 1906 and the latest paper edition closing in 1993. With the closing of the fifth edition came a period of experimentation with changing content development approaches and vastly different communications avenues. The Atlas was transformed into one of the very first interactive atlases on the web.
The Atlas' mandate is to provide a reliable summary of national-scale geographical information. The challenge is to prepare content, which allows users to see the "big picture" on a particular subject. Although it cannot provide community-level information, the Atlas can direct users to organizations and on-line services, such as the Canadian Communities Atlas, which provide more detailed information at the local level.
HISTORICA: HISTORI.CAHistorica will carry out its mission by encouraging the best possible Canadian history education and by providing or supporting programs and resources that inspire Canadians to explore their history.
In carrying out its mission, Historica is committed to working in all provinces and territories, in both French and English, and with organizations and individuals of all origins.
Historica also contains a Teaching and Learning component, with Lesson Plans, School Programs and Professional Development sections.
Statistics Canada: Statistics CanadaStatsCan offers Learning Resources, including support for teaching and learning in schools.
Find data and programs to support in-depth research, teaching and learning, including the Data Liberation Initiative ( DLI ) and Research Data Centres ( RDCs ) .
Canadian Geographic: Canadian Atlas OnlineFeatures interactive maps and graphics on themes such as Canada 's geophysical regions and climate zones, industries, weather extremes, and more. Also includes games and quizzes to test and improve your knowledge, plus the fun and interactive CG Kids' Atlas Online.
Canada Year Book: Canada Year Book OnlineFor the first time in its 136-year history, the Canada Year Book is now available online. It contains pictures, graphs, statistical tables and sound about the land, people, economy and government of Canada.
Geographical Names Board of Canada: Geographical Names of CanadaSearchable by name, coordinates, or feature description, includes current and historical names. The Origins of Canada's Geographical Names explains the origins of the names of Canada, its provinces and territories, cities, national parks, and some aboriginal communities.
British Columbia Integrated Land Management Bureau: BC Geographical NamesCurrent and historical placenames, and in future, their origins. Search by name, coordinates, or feature/location description.
Dictionary of Canadian Biography: DCB OnlineWe invite you to explore the history of Canada 's inhabitants and their culture, thanks to the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. There, you will meet people who played an important role in the formation of what is now Canada.
This first phase presents persons who died between the years 1000 and 1930 or whose last known date of activity falls within these years. We are certain that this new means of consulting the Dictionary of Canadian Biography/Dictionnaire biographique du Canada (DCB/DBC), a major research and publishing project launched by the University of Toronto and the Université Laval in 1959, will provide a much easier access to the published biographies and the information that interests you. Integrated into the country's largest archival repository, the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online even paves the way to more extensive research.
This section is devoted to lessons plans and ideas of teachers from across Canada
Please send your lesson plans or teaching concepts developed for the Historical Atlas of Canada Online Learning Project to:
The Historical Atlas of Canada Online Learning Project Feedback form
We welcome feedback on the Historical Atlas of Canada Online Learning Project site.