Immigration to Canada, 1896-1914


Area units:
Areas shown represent provinces ca 1914. Within these, 1911 settled area (ecumene) is shown.

Data units:
Pie graphs are shown for each region, province, city or part of province receiving immigrants, and coloured according to origin of immigrants.


Legend Description

Number of immigrants/Origin of immigrants
All circles represent immigrants to Canada during the 1896-1914 period. Circles are divided into pie segments according to the origin of immigrants. There are 3 pie charts representing "IMMIGRATION FROM": Europe, Asia, and the United States. There are 13 pie charts representing "IMMIGRATION TO": regions, provinces, cities or parts of provinces, in Canada. All circles are proportional to number of immigrants; these numbers are labelled beside the "FROM" pies, and can be obtained for the "TO" pies using the Active tools (see below.)



This layer shows Immigration "TO" pie charts. This is the active layer. See explanation in Active Tools below.

This layer shows Immigration "FROM" pie charts.


Active Tools

This is the active layer. Use the tools below to get data about the features in this layer.

Identify: Click on the Identify tool, then click on the map on one of the "TO" pie charts, to pop up a box showing the Total number of immigrants represented by that chart.

Table: Click on the Table tool, then click or drag a rectangle on the map across one or more of the "TO" pie charts, to select them and pop up a table showing numbers of immigrants coming from each area of origin. See Table Fields below.


Table Fields - Immigration TO pie charts

Immigration to Region, province, city or part of province receiving immigrants
British Isles, NW Europe, CE Europe, S Europe, Asia, USA Number of immigrants coming from British Isles, Northern and Western Europe, Central and Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Asia, and USA, respectively.
Total Total number of immigrants coming to this area.
Data files available: Immigration_Canada_1896_1914.xls


Map Tips

Pie charts change size when zooming in.
No key to sizes of proportional circles is included in the legend, because unlike many other maps on this site, these pie charts change size when zooming in to larger scales. This is done to maintain the appropriate position relative to the arrows. Use the Active tools (above) to find out absolute numbers of immigrants.

Legend Notes

The flows of immigrants shown on the map have been inferred from differences in the numbers of foreign born recorded in the censuses of 1901 and 1921. This excludes a great deal of re-migration. The numbers are lower than would be shown by the cumulated annual influx of immigrants. ‘Europeans' include many who came via the United States. See also Authors and Sources.