The last years of the 19th century and the first of the 20th were times of great growth and substantial mobility in the Canadian population. Newcomers poured in from overseas to settle across the country. The prairies attracted many re-settlers from the East, as well. The maps and graphs in this chapter, look at both these aspects of dynamic change.

The interactive map entitled Immigration to Canada, 1896-1914, gives an overview of the advent of people from around the world, coming to Canada for all their individual reasons. Some came from the traditional founding countries, others from novel sources, like Asia. Many came via the U.S. Another interactive map, Immigration to the Prairies, 1896-1914, focuses on the newcomers to the Prairie provinces, and their origins.

These immigration maps are supported by graphs showing overall trends in Immigrants to Canada 1891-1961, Asian Immigration 1891-1931. Another graph provides a snapshot of Distribution of Immigrant Population in 1921, as distributed in Rural or Urban areas of the East and the West.

Two other maps depict trends in internal migration, rather than international flows. The interactive map of The Move to the West, 1891-1914, puts these interprovincial migrants into context, with two sets of pie graphs positioned around the country, one representing "where from", and one showing "where to." The second interactive map, Ontario Migration to the Prairies, 1901-1911 specifically looks at those moving from Ontario counties to the three Prairie provinces. The source for the origin of settlers is an unusual one: a retrospective sample of Prairie newspaper obituaries, giving places of birth in Ontario counties.