Maptour Page 7
Maptour: Population Composition, 1891-1961
- On the Browse topbar, click on “Population Composition, 1891-1961”
to return to the chapter page. Then open the map “The Bilingual Belt, 1961.”
- Under LAYER CONTROLS, turn on
the checkbox for "Modern Geography."
- Use the Zoom-in tool to zoom in to Southern Ontario and Québec,
including the area from Sault Ste. Marie and Kapuskasing to Québec City.
- The pattern of mother tongue corresponds closely with the pattern of ethnicity.
(See Maptour pages 4 and 6.)
- Zones extending eastward from Kapuskasing and Sault Ste. Marie,
through the Ottawa River valley and on eastward to Sherbrooke,
mark the transition between French and English.
- This “bilingual belt” is fuzzy, although the political boundary
between Québec and Ontario is sharp.
- This map tells us nothing about where individuals proficient in
both French and English languages lived.
- Northern Ontario and the Ottawa River valley are the parts of
eastern Canada where one is likely to find both French and English in
common use at the same time.
- Canada recognizes only English and French to be "official languages,"
despite the dozens of other languages also spoken throughout the country.